The Early 21st Century
No one would have believed in the last years of the twentieth century that the world was XXXXXXXXXX. With infinite complacency ??? went to and fro over this globe about their little affairs, XXXXXXXXXXXXXX thought of them only to dismiss the idea of life upon them as impossible or improbable. The United States was withdrawing it's military resources due to it's economic woes, and the distraction of the war on terror. In general the west was XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX and more than happy to make money by trading with China.
Many believed that China was becoming a XXXX, a responsible international player, that would use 'soft power' rather than force.
And early in the twenty first century came the great disillusionment.
Causes of the War
The causes of war are complex and there are many theories to explain it. Most theories emphasis issues related to resources and security. Psychological factors are clearly important. In the case of China, the requirements for resources was astronomical, and increasing at a time when the resources themselves were becoming more scarce. To maintain XXXXXXXXXXX. Thus the war can be seen as a growth of economic competition in a competitive international system.
The second major factor was the XXXXXXX, and filling the power vacuum
left. Indeed some argued at the time it was only 'natural' for China to
expand into SE Asia,
Alternatives to War
There were 3 alternative scenario's that scholars in international relations and strategic affairs:
The causes of war Most theories emphasis issues related to resources and security, Psychological factors are clearly important.
One school of thought argues that war can be seen as a growth of economic competition in a competitive international system. In this view wars begin as a pursuit of markets for natural resources and for wealth. The wiki answers website says quite unequivocally, countries go to war to maintain their standard of living. The highest ranking and most decorated United States Marine, Major General Smedley Butler said:
"I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during
that period I spent most of my time as a high class muscle man for Big
Business, for Wall Street and the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer,
a gangster for capitalism." -